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Work Steps

Producing a high quality of leather in the Fez tannery, needs a significant number of steps to follow, Here we will show you The Fez tannery process : 

steps1

1)  Animal hides are first drenched in a combination of cow urine, quicklime, salt, and water. This mixture aides on collapse the extreme leather, which make it lose the abundance fat, flesh, and hair that stay on them. The sheep hides are drenched to 2 to 3 days following those tanners scrap far abundance hair fibers, then those leathers get ready for dyeing.

2)  The leathers soaked in another set of vats containing a combination of water and pigeon poop. Pigeon poop holds ammonia that which facilitate the softening agents that allows the hides to become supple, so they can absorb the colorant. The tanner uses his bare feet to knead the hides for up to 3 hours to achieve the preferred softness.

3)  The major part of the Fez tannery is collected from a series of dried earth holes, which are used to contain different colors of dye. Each color is acquired from natural sources like plants and trees: cedar trees give brown color, poppy flowers give red color, mint gives green color, indigo gives blue color, and saffron gives yellow color. These colors are used to dye the leather with different products.

tannery in fez
Colorful pigments for sale in marketplace, Chefchaouen, Morocco

4)  The tanners begin by cleaning and cutting the animal skins, and pulling hair off of the skin by hand. The skins are then sodden in a combination of pigeon poops and cow urine, which seemingly eliminates the animal fat and any lasting hair. (The Fez tannery has a very distinct smell.)

 

steps2

5)  After the hides dry, then it rubbed, washed, and softened before sopping in then in the dye. After that, the tanners of tannery in fez separate the hides into big heaps based on the color of each one should receive.

6)  After separating, the tanners jump into a dye-filled hole and soak each piece of hide, sinking it sometimes by hand and other times jumping up and down on an entire heap of leathers

7)  Finally, after enough soaking, someone would come along, load up both arms with wet leathers, and take them off to dry along the walls and roof of the tannery.

fez tannery